From: United States: Maine
Fields: Government and Politics Key Words/Phrases: politician, Congresswoman, Senator
Smith, Margaret Chase (1897-1995), U.S. senator. Smith represented Maine as a congresswoman from 1940 until 1948, when she was elected to the U.S. Senate, thus becoming the first woman to be elected to both houses of Congress. She was reelected to the Senate in 1954, 1960, and 1966. In 1972, however, she was defeated in her bid for a fifth term by the Democratic party candidate, Representative William D. Hathaway. An independent, she spoke out against extremists of both left and right. In 1964 Smith was one of the presidential nominees at the Republican National Convention, the first woman to have her name placed in nomination by a major political party.