From: Italy, United States: Missouri
Fields: Health and Medicine Key Words/Phrases: neurologist, Nobel Prize, nerve growth factor
Levi-Montalcini, Rita (1901- ), Italian biologist, born in Turin and educated at the University of Turin Medical School. She shared the 1986 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with American biochemist Stanley Cohen for their contributions to the understanding of growth factors (see Growth Factor) in human development. Levi-Montalcini was cited for her discovery of the factor that promotes the growth of cells in the peripheral nervous system. Cohen, her student, discovered epidermal growth factors. In 1947 she moved to the U.S.; she became a citizen in 1956.